Question Words

๐ŸŒธ ใ ใ‚Œ (dare) – Who ใ ใ‚Œใงใ™ใ‹๏ผŸ Dare desu ka Who are you? ใใฎใฒใจใฏใ ใ‚Œใงใ™ใ‹๏ผŸ Sono hito wa dare desu ka? Who is that person? ใฉใกใ‚‰ใ•ใพใงใ™ใ‹ Dochira-sama desu ka? Who is it? ๐ŸŒธ ไฝ• / ใชใซ (nani) – What ใ“ใ‚Œใฏไฝ•ใงใ™ใ‹๏ผŸ ใ“ใ‚Œใฏใชใ‚“ใงใ™ใ‹ Kore wa nandesu ka What is this ? ไฝ•ใŒ้ฃŸในใŸใ„ใงใ™ใ‹๏ผŸ ใชใซใŒใŸในใŸใ„ใงใ™ใ‹ Nani ga tabetai desu ka What …

Demonstrative Prounouns

๐ŸŒธใ“ใฎ (kono) refers to an object or person near to the speaker ใ“ใฎใƒใƒƒใ‚ฐใฏใ‚ใŸใ—ใฎใงใ™ใ€‚ Kono baggu wa watashi no desu This bag is mine. ๐ŸŒธใใฎ (sono) refers to an object or person near to the listener ใใฎใƒใƒƒใ‚ฐใฏใ‚ใชใŸใฎใงใ™ใ€‚ Sono baggu wa anata no desu That bag is yours. ๐ŸŒธ ใ‚ใฎ (ano) refers to an object or person …

Sentence Patterns IV

๐ŸŒธ Sentence Particles ใ‹ใ‚‰ – kara ๅญฆๆ กใ‹ใ‚‰ ๅฎถใพใงใฉใ‚Œใใ‚‰ใ„ใ‹ใ‹ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚ ใŒใฃใ“ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ„ใˆใพใงใฉใ‚Œใใ‚‰ใ„ใ‹ใ‹ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ‹ Gakkล kara ie made dorekurai kakarimasu ka? How long does it take you to get home from school? ใ‚ขใƒกใƒชใ‚ซใ‹ใ‚‰ๆฅใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ Amerika kara kimashita. I came from America. ใŠๅง‰ใ•ใ‚“ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ‚ธใƒฃใ‚ฑใƒƒใƒˆใ‚’ๅ€Ÿใ‚Šใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ Onee-san kara jaketto o karimashita. I borrowed a jacket from my big sister. ๆฅๆœˆใ‹ใ‚‰ๅ†ฌไผ‘ใฟใงใ™ใ€‚ Raigetsu kara fuyuyasumi desu. From/starting …

Sentence Patterns III

๐ŸŒธ Sentence Particle ใ‚’ – o ็งใฏใƒใƒงใ‚ณใ‚’้ฃŸในใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏใƒใƒงใ‚ณใ‚’ใŸในใพใ™ Watashi wa choko o tabemasu. I eat chocolate. ๐ŸŒธ Sentence Particle ใซ – ni ๅญฆๆ กใซ่กŒใใพใ™ใ€‚ ใŒใฃใ“ใซใ„ใใพใ™ Gakkล ni ikimasu. I go to school. ๅฝผใฏ็งใซใƒšใƒณใ‚’ใใ‚Œใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ Kare wa watashi ni pen o kuremashita. He gave me a pen./He gave the pen to me. ็”ฐไธญใ•ใ‚“ใซๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใ‚’ๆ•™ใˆใฆใ‚‚ใ‚‰ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ Tanaka san ni nihongo o …

Sentence Patterns II

๐ŸŒธ Sentence particle ใฎ (no) Possessive: ใƒˆใƒ ใ•ใ‚“ใฎใจใ‘ใ„ tomu-san no tokei Tom’s watch ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฎใ‹ใ• watashi no kasa My umbrella Content: ใ‚Šใ‚‡ใ†ใ‚Šใฎใปใ‚“ ryouri no hon Book on cookery / cookbook ใซใปใ‚“ใ”ใฎใใ‚‡ใ†ใ‹ใ—ใ‚‡ nihongo no kyoukasho Japanese language textbook Belonging: ใ‚ขใ‚คใƒฉใƒณใƒ‰ใฎใ›ใ‚“ใ›ใ„ Airando no sensei Island’s teacher ใ‚ฝใƒ‹ใƒผใฎใ‹ใ„ใ—ใ‚ƒใ„ใ‚“ Sony no kaishain A Sony office worker Location: (location first then the …

Sentence Patterns I

๐ŸŒธ Sentence particle ใฏ (wa) Format:NounA ใฏ NounB ใงใ™ NounA wa NounB desu NounA is NounB ใ‚ธใƒงใƒณใ•ใ‚“ใฏใ›ใ‚“ใ›ใ„ใงใ™ใ€‚ Jon-san wa sensei desu John is a teacher. ใƒกใ‚คใ•ใ‚“ใฏใŒใใ›ใ„ใงใ™ใ€‚Mei-san wa gakusei desuMay is a student. ๐ŸŒธ ใงใฏใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ (de wa arimasen) – Negative formNoun A ใฏ Noun B ใงใฏใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ Noun A wa Noun B de wa arimasen Noun A …

Common Phrases

ใŠๆ—ฉใ†ใ”ใ–ใ„ใพใ™ใ€€ ใŠใฏใ‚ˆใ†ใ”ใ–ใ„ใพใ™ Ohayou gozaimasu Good morning! ไปŠๆ—ฅใฏ ใ“ใ‚“ใซใกใฏ Konnichiwa Good day/Hello! ไปŠๆ™ฉใฏ ใ“ใ‚“ใฐใ‚“ใฏ Konbanwa Good evening! ๅพกไผ‘ใฟใชใ•ใ„ ใŠใ‚„ใ™ใฟใชใ•ใ„ Oyasuminasai Good night! ๆœ‰้›ฃใ†ๅพกๅบงใ„ใพใ™ใ€€ ใ‚ใ‚ŠใŒใจใ†ใ”ใ–ใ„ใพใ™ Arigatou gozaimasu Thank you very much! ใฉใ†ใ„ใŸใ—ใพใ—ใฆ Dลitashimashite You’re welcome! ๅพกๅ…ƒๆฐ—ใงใ™ใ‹ใŠใ’ใ‚“ใใงใ™ใ‹O-genki desu kaHow are you? ใฏใ„ใ€ๅ…ƒๆฐ—ใงใ™ ใฏใ„ใ€ใ’ใ‚“ใใงใ™ Hai, genki desu Yes, I’m doing good! ๅพกๅๅ‰ใฏไฝ•ใงใ™ใ‹ใŠใชใพใˆใฏใชใ‚“ใงใ™ใ‹O-namae wa nandesu kaWhat’s your name? ็งใฎๅๅ‰ใฏโ€ฆใงใ™ใงใ™ ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฎใชใพใˆใฏโ€ฆใงใ™ …

Honorifics

~ words or phrases at that denote honour/respect at certain levels when referring to someone. -ใ•ใ‚“ (-san)-ใกใ‚ƒใ‚“ (-chan)-ๅ›ใ€-ใใ‚“ (-kun)-ๆง˜ใ€-ใ•ใพ (-sama)-ๆฎฟใ€-ใฉใฎ (-dono)-ๅ…ˆ็”Ÿ-ใ›ใ‚“ใ›ใ„ (-sensei)-ๅ…ˆ่ผฉใ€-ใ›ใ‚“ใฑใ„ (-senpai) Jin-san: Mr. Jin (Polite, 2 โ‰ค LOP โ‰ค 3) Momo-chan: Momo (Familiar/Not so polite, LOP = 0 if familiar; โ‰ค -1 if not familiar) Dan-kun: Mr Dan (Polite for addressing junior males, …

Pronouns

็งใ‚ใŸใ—WatashiI ็งใฏ็”ทใงใ™ ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏใŠใจใ“ใงใ™ Watashi wa otoko desu I am a boy ่ฒดๆ–นใ‚ใชใŸ/ใ‚ใ‚“ใŸanata/antayou ่ฒดๆ–นใฏ็งใฎๅ‹้”ใงใ™ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใ‚ใŸใ—ใฎใจใ‚‚ใ ใกใงใ™ Anata wa watashi no tomodachi desu You are my friend ๅฝผใ‹ใ‚ŒKarehe ๅฝผใฏใŽใ‚“ใ•ใ‚“ใงใ™ ใ‹ใ‚ŒใฏใŽใ‚“ใ•ใ‚“ใงใ™ Kare wa Gin-san desu He is Gin ๅฝผๅฅณใ‹ใฎใ˜ใ‚‡Kanojoshe ๅฝผๅฅณใฏใฟใ‹ใ•ใ‚“ใงใ™ ใ‹ใฎใ˜ใ‚‡ใฏใฟใ‹ใ•ใ‚“ใงใ™ Kanojo wa Mika-san desu She is Mika Informal Prounouns:ๅƒ• ใผใ Boku I for young boys or men ไฟบ …