Before and After

๐ŸŒธ ใพใˆใซ (mae ni) means โ€œbeforeโ€ and โ€œin front ofโ€

๏ผ‘ใ˜ใพใˆใซใ“ใ“ใซใ‚‚ใฉใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚
ichi ji mae ni kokoni modorimasu.
Iโ€™ll be back before one.

ๆ—ฅๆœฌใธใ„ใใพใˆใซๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใ‚’ในใ‚“ใใ‚‡ใ†ใ—ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚
nihon e iku mae ni nihongo o benkyou shimashita.
I studied Japanese before coming to Japan.

ใ‹ใฎใ˜ใ‚‡ใฏไธ€ใ„ใกใ˜ใ‹ใ‚“ใพใˆใซใพใฉใ‚’ใ‚ใ‘ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚
kanojo wa ichi-ji kan mae ni mado o akemashita.
She opened the window an hour ago. (if used with time it will become ago)

ใ„ใคใ‚‚ใญใ‚‹ใพใˆใซใƒจใƒผใ‚ฐใƒซใƒˆใ‚’ใŸในใพใ™ใ€‚
Itsumo neru mae ni youguruto o tabemasu.
I always eat yogurt before going to bed. (can also refer habits)

๐ŸŒธ ใ‚ใจใซ (ato ni) and ใ‚ใจใง (ato de) means โ€œafterโ€.

  • ๅพŒใซ (ato ni) refers to a specific point in time (right after)
  • ๅพŒใง (ato de) refers to time after an event in general. (after or later) 
  • Past Verb (ta-form) ใ‚ใจใซ (ato ni), Action

ใŸในใŸใ‚ใจใซใฏใ‚’ใฟใŒใใพใ™
tabeta ato ni, ha o migakimasu
I brush my teeth after eating

  • Noun ใฎ ใ‚ใจใซ (ato ni), Action

ใฐใ‚“ใ”ใฏใ‚“ใฎใ‚ใจใซใ‚ขใ‚คใ‚นใ‚’ใŸในใŸใ€‚
bangohan no ato ni aisu o tabeta
After dinner, I had some ice cream.

  • Past Verb (ta-form) ใ‚ใจใง (ato de), Action

ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏใ—ใ‚…ใใ ใ„ใ‚’ใ—ใŸใ‚ใจใงใƒ†ใƒฌใƒ“ใ‚’ใพใ™ใ€‚
Watashi wa shukudai o shita ato de terebi o mimasu.
(Sometime) after doing my homework, Iโ€™ll watch TV.

  • Noun + ใฎ + ใ‚ใจใง (ato de), Action

ใŒใฃใ“ใ†ใฎใ‚ใจใงในใ‚“ใใ‚‡ใ†ใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚
gakkou no ato de benkyou shimasu
(Sometime) after school I will study.

ใ‚ใจใงใ„ใใพใ™ใ€‚
ato de ikimasu
I will go later.

ใ“ใฉใ‚‚ใŒใญใŸใ‚ใจใซใˆใ„ใŒใ‚’ใฟใพใ—ใŸ
kodomo ga neta ato ni, eiga o mimashita
I watched a movie right after my child went to bed.

ใŠใ‚“ใŒใใฏใŠใตใ‚ใฎใ‚ใจใงใใใพใ™ใ€‚
ongaku wa ofuro no ato de kikimasu.
I listen to music after taking a bath.