Before and After

๐ŸŒธ ใพใˆใซ (mae ni) means โ€œbeforeโ€ and โ€œin front ofโ€

ichi ji mae ni kokoni modorimasu.
Iโ€™ll be back before one.

nihon e iku mae ni nihongo o benkyou shimashita.
I studied Japanese before coming to Japan.

kanojo wa ichi-ji kan mae ni mado o akemashita.
She opened the window an hour ago. (if used with time it will become ago)

Itsumo neru mae ni youguruto o tabemasu.
I always eat yogurt before going to bed. (can also refer habits)

๐ŸŒธ ใ‚ใจใซ (ato ni) and ใ‚ใจใง (ato de) means โ€œafterโ€.

  • ๅพŒใซ (ato ni) refers to a specific point in time (right after)
  • ๅพŒใง (ato de) refers to time after an event in general. (after or later) 
  • Past Verb (ta-form) ใ‚ใจใซ (ato ni), Action

tabeta ato ni, ha o migakimasu
I brush my teeth after eating

  • Noun ใฎ ใ‚ใจใซ (ato ni), Action

bangohan no ato ni aisu o tabeta
After dinner, I had some ice cream.

  • Past Verb (ta-form) ใ‚ใจใง (ato de), Action

ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏใ—ใ‚…ใใ ใ„ใ‚’ใ—ใŸใ‚ใจใงใƒ†ใƒฌใƒ“ใ‚’ใพใ™ใ€‚
Watashi wa shukudai o shita ato de terebi o mimasu.
(Sometime) after doing my homework, Iโ€™ll watch TV.

  • Noun + ใฎ + ใ‚ใจใง (ato de), Action

gakkou no ato de benkyou shimasu
(Sometime) after school I will study.

ato de ikimasu
I will go later.

kodomo ga neta ato ni, eiga o mimashita
I watched a movie right after my child went to bed.

ongaku wa ofuro no ato de kikimasu.
I listen to music after taking a bath.